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Fitness Study Guide 

Physical Fitness-  the ability of the whole body to function at a high level

Four components of fitness:

  1. Cardiovascular endurance-  how well the heart and lungs function over a long period of time
  2. Muscular strength-  the ability of a muscle to exert a force one time
  3. Muscular endurance-  the ability to use muscles for a long period of time
  4. Flexibility-  the range of movement of a muscle

Which component of fitness does each fitness test focus on?

1.      Mile- cardiovascular endurance

2.      Push-up test-  muscular strength

3.      Curl-up test-  muscular endurance

4.      Sit-n-reach test- flexibility (of the hamstring muscle- back of thigh)

Cardiovascular activities:  In-line skating, basketball, handball, soccer, lacrosse,

                                              dancing, orienteering, aerobics


Muscular strength activities:  Shot-put, parallel bars, pull-ups, weight training


Muscular endurance activities:  Football, swimming, volleyball, hiking, jumping rope


Activities that work on Flexibility:    Karate, gymnastics, yoga


*  Many sports have more than one component of fitness associated with them


-         Prevents injury

-         Increases with stretching

-         Important for all ages

-         Can decrease as you get older